Depressive Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder is characterised by specific episodes of at least 2 weeks duration (although most are significantly longer) that involve depressed mood or loss of interest and pleasure in nearly all activities most of the day, nearly every day in addition to a cluster of other physical and cognitive symptoms. Thoughts of death and suicide are common.

Some forms of Major Depressive Disorder are slightly different, or they may develop under unique circumstances. For example, a depressive episode with a postpartum onset (it begins during pregnancy or within 4 weeks of giving birth) often includes severe anxiety and panic attacks in addition to the typical depressive symptoms.

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) is characterised by more chronic symptoms that may be fewer in number and/or less severe but that occurs more than half the time for two or more years. Treatments for Depressive Disorders There are numerous effective treatments for depressive disorders, including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT), and Interpersonal Therapy (IPT). Each approach has a different primary focus. For example, CBT intervenes with one’s thoughts and the behaviours, EFT targets an individual’s emotional experience and IPT addresses social and relationship problems relating to depression. All three forms of treatment have been proven effective and can lead to reduced depressive symptoms, reduced interpersonal distress, healthier coping skills, improved self-esteem, and less negative beliefs about self, others, and the world.